First Aid For Bruises And Sprains

Blunt injuries such as bruises and sprains can quickly occur during sports, in the household or on the road. This health tip explains how injuries occur, how to provide first aid, and when to see a doctor.

Bruises Painful bruises often result from impacts or falls. Soft tissues and muscles are bruised and swollen. This creates pain. If blood vessels are injured, hematomas (bruises) can form. Inflammatory reactions often occur in injured tissue, which increases pain and swelling.

Sprains

A sprain affects the joints, most commonly the ankle (if you twist your foot), the knee, and the joints in your fingers. Ligaments, tendons and muscles are suddenly overstretched. In extreme cases, ligaments or the joint capsule can tear. Typical symptoms of a sprain include swelling and pain in the affected joint. The mobility of the joint is usually severely restricted. A sprain should not be confused with a dislocation in which the joint is dislocated.

First Aid

For bruises and sprains, quick first aid can prevent severe swelling and relieve pain. A good rule of thumb is the PECH scheme:

Take a break

  • Ice : Immediate cooling for at least 20 minutes dampens the inflammatory response. Cool packs or wet envelopes are well suited. Cool packs from the freezer should always be wrapped in a cloth to prevent tissue damage.
  • Compression: An elastic compression bandage can reduce bruising.
  • H : Elevation relieves the affected body part and allows the swelling to subside more quickly.

When is a doctor’s visit required?

In many cases, a bruise or sprain can be treated well with these first aid measures. However, in some cases, a doctor’s visit can be useful. This is the case, for example, when misaligned limbs indicate a fracture, pain is very severe or lasts for days and joints feel very unstable. Severe functional limitations or sensory disturbances in the affected parts of the body should also be clarified by a doctor as soon as possible.

Avoiding Injuries

In some cases, you can take an active role in avoiding blunt injuries. In the household, it is often improvised climbing aids such as wobbly chairs that lead to falls. Stable ladders and step stools are a better alternative. It is best to only climb if you are not alone in the room.

When exercising, it is advisable to start training with warm-up exercises in order to avoid overstressing the muscles. Older people in particular should pay attention to possible tripping hazards in their home, such as carpet edges, and have handholds installed in important places. So can z. B. Significantly reduce accidents when getting out of the bathtub.

Also Read: Vitamins Against Stress? These Foods Relax The Body And Nerves

Trendy Vougehttps://www.trendyvouge.com
TrendyVouge is a Place where one can get the daily dose of fashion, Fitness, lifestyle and trends from the world of Beauty! and Let yourself to get inspired by our latest labels, street style trends, Brands, training tips, outfit inspiration, workouts, how-to's and what-to-do's.

Similar Articles

THIS WEEK TRENDS

5 Steps for a Quick and Effective Facial Care Routine

On a day-to-day basis, the amount of activities to do sometimes leaves us with very limited time. However, skin care should never be neglected,...

Effortless Elegance: Hairstyles for Long Hair That Inspire Confidence

Long hair offers a canvas of versatility and elegance, yet achieving a look that inspires confidence without demanding hours of styling can be challenging....

10 Benefits Of Shea Butter

Discover the multiple benefits of shea butter: intense hydration, soothing of sensitive skin, reduction of signs of aging, sun protection, treatment of skin problems...